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Direction to solve :
In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

01. Statement: "A rare opportunity to be a professional while you are at home." - An advertisement for computer literate housewives by a computer company.

Assumptions:
I. Some housewives simultaneously desire to become professional.
II. Computer industry is growing at a fast pace.
III. It is possible to be a professional as well as a housewife.
A. Only I and II are implicit B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit D. Only II is implicit
E. None of these

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Only I and III are implicit

Explanation:
Clearly, a company would highlight only that feature in its advertisement which people crave for and which it can make possible. So, both I and III are implicit. Nothing can be deduced about the growth of computer industry. So, II is not implicit.

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02. Statement: The Central Government has directed the State Governments to reduce government expenditure in view of the serious resource crunch and it may not be able to sanction any additional grant to the states for the next six months.

Assumptions:
I. The State Governments are totally dependent on Central Government for its expenditures.
II. The Central Government has reviewed the expenditure account of the State Government.
III. The State Governments will abide by the directive.
A. None is implicit B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only III is implicit D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Only II and III are implicit

Explanation:
Nothing about the sources of income of the State Governments is mentioned in the statement. So, I is not implicit. Since the Central Government has directed the State Governments to reduce expenditure, so II is implicit. Further, since the Central Government has refused any further grant to the State Governments for the next six months, it is quite clear that these Governments will abide by the directive. So, III is also implicit.

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03. Statement: This book is so prepared that even a layman can study science in the absence of a teacher.

Assumptions:
I. A layman wishes to study science without a teacher.
II. A teacher may not always be available to teach science.
III. A layman generally finds it difficult to learn science on its own.
A. Only I and II are implicit B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Only II and III are implicit

Explanation:
Clearly, the statement is made to impress the usefulness of the book. It does not mention the desire of a layman. So, I is not implicit. Also, the book is intended to guide one when a teacher is not available. So, both II and III are implicit.

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04. Statement: "Please put more people on the job to make up for the delay."

Assumptions:
I. Delay is inevitable in most jobs.
II. Output will increase with more number of people on the job.
A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Only assumption II is implicit

Explanation:
The advice tells to 'make up for the delay' showing that delay is not to be done. So, I is not implicit. Since increase in number of people will make up for the delay, it means the output will increase with this increase in number. So, II is implicit.

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05. Statement: Believe me, I have read it in newspaper X.

Assumptions:
I. Newspaper X gives reliable information/news.
II. I am reporting exactly as it is given in newspaper X.
A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Only assumption II is implicit

Explanation:
The narrator in the statement clearly insists on the reliability of the fact that what he said, he had read it in newspaper X, and not on the truth of what he said. So, only II is implicit

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06. Statement: "As there is a great demand, every person seeking tickets of the programme will be given only five tickets."

Assumptions:
I. The organizers are not keen on selling the tickets.
II. No one is interested in getting more than five tickets.
A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Neither I nor II is implicit

Explanation:
Clearly, the organisers are adopting this policy not to reduce the sale but to cope up with great demand so that everyone can get the ticket. So, I is not implicit. Also, due to great demand, the maximum number of tickets one person can get has been reduced to five. So, II is also not implicit.

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07. Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.
A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Only assumption I is implicit

Explanation:
Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5, it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So, I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So, II is not implicit.

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