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Exercise:

Exercise 1

01. Statement: Some of India's greatest musicians and folk artists are struggling to make both ends meet.
Course of action:

I. The folk artists should be advised to leave their traditional profession and adopt any other profession to earn their living.
II. II. The government should give financial aids to these artists.
A. Tim has decided to move to another city, so he calls his landlord to tell him that he is not interested in renewing his lease when it expires next month. B. Valerie recently lost her job and, for the last three months, has neglected to pay her landlord the monthly rent they agreed upon in writing when she moved into her apartment eight months ago.
C. Mark writes a letter to his landlord that lists numerous complaints about the apartment he has agreed to rent for two years. D. Leslie thinks that her landlord is neglecting the building in which she rents an apartment. She calls her attorney to ask for advice.

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Valerie recently lost her job and, for the last three months, has neglected to pay her landlord the monthly rent they agreed upon in writing when she moved into her apartment eight months ago.

Explanation:
Valerie signed a legally binding document that requires her to pay a monthly rent for her apartment and she has failed to do this for the last three months. Therefore, she has violated her apartment lease.

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02. People speculate when they consider a situation and assume something to be true based on inconclusive evidence. Which situation below is the best example of Speculation
A. Francine decides that it would be appropriate to wear jeans to her new office on Friday after reading about "Casual Fridays" in her employee handbook B. Mary spends thirty minutes sitting in traffic and wishes that she took the train instead of driving.
C. After consulting several guidebooks and her travel agent, Jennifer feels confident that the hotel she has chosen is first-rate. D. When Emily opens the door in tears, Theo guesses that she's had a death in her family.

Answer and Explanation

Answer: When Emily opens the door in tears, Theo guesses that she's had a death in her family.

Explanation:
This is the only situation in which someone makes an assumption that is not based on conclusive evidence. Choices a and c reflect situations in which assumptions are made based on evidence. In choice b, Mary is not assuming anything to be true. She is simply wishing that she'd made a different decision.

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03. A Guarantee is a promise or assurance that attests to the quality of a product that is either (1) given in writing by the manufacturer or (2) given verbally by the person selling the product. Which situation below is the best example of a Guarantee?
A. Melissa purchases a DVD player with the highest consumer ratings in its category. B. The salesperson advises Curt to be sure that he buys an air conditioner with a guarantee.
C. The local auto body shop specializes in refurbishing and selling used  D. Lori buys a used digital camera from her co-worker who says that she will refund Lori's money if the camera's performance is not of the highest quality

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Lori buys a used digital camera from her co-worker who says that she will refund Lori's money if the camera's performance is not of the highest quality

Explanation:
Choices a, b, and c do not describe situations in which a product is guaranteed. Only choice d reflects a situation in which a seller attests to the quality of a product by giving the buyer a promise or assurance about its quality.

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04. . A Tiebreaker is an additional contest or period of play designed to establish a winner among tied contestants. Which situation below is the best example of a Tiebreaker?
A. At halftime, the score is tied at 28. B. Mary and Megan have each scored three goals in the game.
C. The referee tosses a coin to decide which team will have possession of the ball first. D. The Sharks and the Bears each finished with 14 points, and they are now battling it out in a five-minute overtime.

Answer and Explanation

Answer: The Sharks and the Bears each finished with 14 points, and they are now battling it out in a five-minute overtime.

Explanation:
This is the only choice that indicates that an additional period of play is taking place to determine the winner of a game that ended in a tie.

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05. Re-entry occurs when a person leaves his or her social system for a period of time and then returns. Which situation below best describes Re-entry ?
A. When he is offered a better paying position, Jacob leaves the restaurant he manages to manage a new restaurant on the other side of town. B. Catherine is spending her junior year of college studying abroad in France.
C. Malcolm is readjusting to civilian life after two years of overseas military service. D. After several miserable months, Sharon decides that she can no longer share an apartment with her roommate Hilary.

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Malcolm is readjusting to civilian life after two years of overseas military service.

Explanation:
Malcolm is the only person returning to a social system that he has been away from for an extended period of time.

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06. Establishing a Power of Attorney occurs when a legal document is created that gives one individual the authority to act for another. Which situation below is the best example of Establishing a Power of Attorney?
A. Louise is selling her house and she hires a lawyer to review the contract. B. Simone's mother can no longer get to the bank to cash her checks and make deposits, so she has taken legal steps to enable Simone to do these things for her
C. Jack's father is elderly and Jack thinks he is no longer able to make decisions for himself. D. At her daughter's urging, Mrs. Lenox opens up a retirement account with the local bank 

Answer and Explanation

Answer: Simone's mother can no longer get to the bank to cash her checks and make deposits, so she has taken legal steps to enable Simone to do these things for her

Explanation:
Simone's mother has taken legal steps to allow another person to act on her behalf. Therefore, this is the only choice that indicates that a power of attorney has been established

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